Glenn Gould plays Bach - The Goldberg Variations, BMV 998 (Zenph re-performance) Watch later. On a visit to Steinway Hall in New York City in 1959, Gould was greeted by the chief piano technician at the time, William Hupfer, with a slap on the back. Nearly every one was … He was, in effect, stranded on a beachhead of his own thinking between past and future. 1. No performer after him can avoid the example he sets ... Now, everyone must perform through him: he can be emulated or rejected, but he cannot be ignored. Mark Kingwell summarizes the paradox, never resolved by Gould nor his biographers, this way: He was progressive and anti-progressive at once, and likewise at once both a critic of the Zeitgeist and its most interesting expression. For example, a reviewer of his 1981 re-recording of the Goldberg Variations opined that many listeners would "find the groans and croons intolerable". [18], Gould developed a technique that enabled him to choose a very fast tempo while retaining the "separateness" and clarity of each note. Prelude & Fugue No. He recorded all five of Beethoven's piano concertos, 23 of the 32 piano sonatas, and numerous bagatelles and variations. A new recording of the Goldberg Variations, made in 1981, would be among his last albums; the piece was one of only a few he recorded twice in the studio. It's getting worse all the time. Gould's mother would urge the young Gould to sit up straight at the keyboard. Glenn Herbert Gould [fn 1] [fn 2] (25 September 1932 – 4 October 1982) was a Canadian classical pianist. George Szell, who led Gould in 1957 with the Cleveland Orchestra, remarked to his assistant, "That nut's a genius. [33] His first solo recital followed in 1947,[34] and his first recital on radio was with the CBC in 1950. Gould produced his final recordings himself, beginning with this Bach album in January and February 1980. [43] Gould was renowned for his peculiar body movements while playing and for his insistence on absolute control over every aspect of his environment. J.S. [58], One piece of evidence arrived in 2007. [12] Gould's interest in the piano was concomitant with an interest in composition. The Klavierbüchlein For Wilhelm Friedemann Bach in C Major, BWV 924: Prelude: ... Glenn Gould / Goldberg Variations, J. S. Bach. Claude Rains narrated their recording of Strauss's Enoch Arden melodrama. [108] François Girard's Genie Award winning 1993 film, Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould includes documentary interviews with people who knew him, dramatizations of scenes from Gould's life, and fanciful segments including an animation set to music. That he was not able, by himself, to fashion a bridge between them is neither surprising, nor, in the end, disappointing. [fn 5] This incident is almost certainly related to the adjustable-height chair his father made shortly thereafter. Glenn Herbert Gould was born at home in Toronto, on 25 September 1932, to Russell Herbert Gold (1901–1996) and Florence Emma Gold (née Grieg; 1891–1975),[4] Presbyterians of Scottish, English, and Norwegian ancestry. [46] He had to sit exactly fourteen inches above the floor, and would play concerts only while sitting on the old chair his father had made. Compare the 1970 version from the "Complete Piano Sonatas" set (played first) and the 1958 interpretation (second). Gould also recorded Bach's six sonatas for violin and harpsichord (BWV 1014–1019) with Jaime Laredo, and the three sonatas for viola da gamba and keyboard with Leonard Rose. The service was attended by over 3,000 people, and was broadcast on the CBC. His String Quartet (Op. Gould rejected most of the standard Romantic piano literature by Chopin, Liszt, and others, in favour of Bach and Beethoven mainly, along with some late-Romantic and modernist composers. He was once arrested, having possibly been mistaken for a vagrant, while sitting on a park bench in Sarasota, Florida, dressed in his standard all-climate attire of coats, hat and mittens. [118], The Juno Awards are presented annually by the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. As a teenager, Gould had written chamber music and piano works in the style of the Second Viennese school. [101] There is little critical commentary on Gould's compositions for the simple reason that there are few of them; he never succeeded beyond Opus 1, and left a number of works unfinished. He intended to spend his later years conducting, writing about music, and composing. He recounted his recording of the A minor fugue from Book I of The Well-Tempered Clavier and how it was spliced together from two takes, with the fugue's expositions from one take and its episodes from another. [45] A small rug would sometimes be required for his feet underneath the piano. Although there was some controversy at Columbia about the appropriateness of this "debut" piece, the record received phenomenal praise and was among the best-selling classical music albums of its era. Share. Bach: Preludes, Fugues and Fughettas - Expanded Edition. When presented with a piano, the young Gould was reported to strike single notes and listen to their long decay, a practice his father Bert noted was different from typical children. [11] He learned to read music before he could read words,[6][12][13] and it had been observed that, at age three, he had perfect pitch. Allemande" and more. Glenn Gould. You must have that immediacy of response, that control over fine definitions of things."[27]. [111] He was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto in 1998, and designated a National Historic Person in 2012. ", In his liner notes and broadcasts, Gould created more than two dozen alter egos for satirical, humorous, and didactic purposes, permitting him to write hostile reviews or incomprehensible commentaries on his own performances. [56], Gould lived a private life. Price. The disc of recordings was placed on the spacecraft Voyager 1. Gould and jazz pianist Bill Evans were mutual admirers, and Evans made his seminal record Conversations with Myself using Gould's celebrated Steinway model CD 318[75] piano. [50] Plans for a studio recording of the performance came to nothing. Later works include the Lieberson Madrigal (soprano, alto, tenor, bass [SATB] and piano), and So You Want to Write a Fugue? Gould launched his complete recording of the “Pianists’ Old Testament” on 10 January 1962. [104], Gould is one of the most acclaimed musicians of the 20th century. [20], Gould passed his final Conservatory examination in piano at the age of 12, achieving the highest marks of any candidate, and thus attaining professional standing as a pianist at that age. He performed on television and radio, and produced three musique concrète radio documentaries called the Solitude Trilogy, about isolated areas of Canada. Gould was a teetotaller and did not smoke. In December 1979 Gould’s longstanding producer Andrew Kazdin left Columbia. [42] Some of Gould's recordings were severely criticised because of this background "vocalising". This is especially evident in his (frequent) attempts at humour and irony. Gould, therefore, prefers an ahistorical, or at least pre-Renaissance, view of art, minimizing the identity of the artist and the attendant historical context in evaluating the artwork: "What gives us the right to assume that in the work of art we must receive a direct communication with the historical attitudes of another period? Much of the homophony that followed he felt belongs to a less serious and less spiritual period of art. Gould was averse to the cold, and wore heavy clothing (including gloves), even in warm places. Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I, Volume 3. 2 (the Urlicht section) in the 1960s. A doomsday scenario …. "[82], In creating music, Gould much preferred the control and intimacy provided by the recording studio. [9] The diagnosis was first suggested by psychiatrist Peter Ostwald, a friend of Gould's, in the 1997 book Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy and Tragedy of Genius. When asked in a radio interview whether he did not find himself wanting to play Chopin, he replied: "No, I don't. He was admitted to Toronto General Hospital, and his condition rapidly deteriorated. The recording Glenn Gould: The Composer contains his original works. )[109][110] Anthologies of Gould's writing and letters have been published, and Library and Archives Canada holds a significant portion of his papers. Gould was widely known for his unusual habits. See, Friedrich first states that Gould performed the Beethoven Piano Sonata No. At the age of six, he was taken for the first time to hear a live musical performance by a celebrated soloist. Although Gould was known chiefly as a pianist, he capped off his musical career with a recording of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll as conductor. Gould believed the piano to be "a contrapuntal instrument," and his whole approach to music was, in fact, centered in the baroque. He felt that he could realize a musical score more fully this way. If, instead, the sonata had been attributed to an earlier or later composer, it becomes more or less interesting as a piece of music. The Well-Tempered Clavier Book II : Prelude And Fugue No. Glenn Gould (Artist) Format: Audio CD. Gould left an extensive body of work beyond the keyboard. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. He held his final public performance in 1964, and thereafter devoted his career to the studio, recording albums and several radio documentaries. "[48] Leonard Bernstein said, "There is nobody quite like him, and I just love playing with him. He is also heard practising other parts of the Goldbergs. "[55] In a letter to the cellist Virginia Katims of 20 January 1973, Gould said he had been vegetarian for about ten years. 1 in D minor (BWV 1052) with Leonard Bernstein conducting the New York Philharmonic. In early September 1982, Gould made his final recording: Strauss's Piano Sonata in B minor.[96]. He studied music theory with Leo Smith, the organ with Frederick C. Silvester, and piano with Alberto Guerrero. 902, BWV 902a: Prelude in G Major, BWV 902a, Prelude and Fughetta in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude in G Major to the Fughetta No. In 2007, Foss confirmed that she and Gould had had a love affair lasting several years. [61], Though he was an admitted hypochondriac,[62][fn 13] Gould suffered many pains and ailments; his autopsy, however, revealed few underlying problems in areas that often troubled him. Gould likened his process to that of a film director[79]—one does not perceive that a two-hour film was made in two hours—and implicitly asks why the act of listening to music should be any different. He had earlier directed Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. I was enchanted. Glenn Gould Addeddate 2019-11-05 21:46:05 Identifier glenngould_201911 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.4. plus-circle Add Review. Used from. [fn 19]. Gould had a pronounced aversion to what he termed "hedonistic" approaches to piano repertoire, performance, and music generally. The only thing I can really remember is that, when I was being brought home in a car, I was in that wonderful state of half-awakeness in which you hear all sorts of incredible sounds going through your mind. Check out Bach: Excerpts from The Art of the Fugue, BWV 1080 & Prelude & Fugue in B-Flat Major, BWV 898 by Glenn Gould on Amazon Music. [107] References to Gould and his work are plentiful in poetry, fiction, and the visual arts. Glenn Gould Discusses His Goldberg Variations With Tim Page ((Gould Remastered)) Glenn Gould… 1) came in 1953 on the short-lived Canadian Hallmark label. Gould won four awards, but, as with the Junos, accepted only one in person. Philosopher Mark Kingwell writes that "his influence is made inescapable. Bazzana writes that "it is tempting to assume that Gould was asexual, an image that certainly fits his aesthetic and the persona he sought to convey, and one can read the whole Gould literature and be convinced that he died a virgin"—but he also mentions that evidence points to "a number of relationships with women that may or may not have been platonic and ultimately became complicated and were ended". His last recording as a conductor was of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll in its original chamber-music scoring. [67] There has also been speculation that he may have had bipolar disorder, because he sometimes went several days without sleep, had extreme increases in energy, drove recklessly, and, in later life, endured deep depressive episodes. 4:52. Discogs で Glenn Gould, Bach* - Preludes, Fughettas And Fugues に関するリリース、レビュー、トラックリスト、おすすめなどを発見し、Glenn Gould, Bach* のコレクションを完成させましょう。 [103] The majority of his work is published by Schott Music. The 1981 release was one of CBS Masterworks' first digital recordings. I play it in a weak moment – maybe once a year or twice a year for myself. Our relationship was, among other things, quite sexual." But we persevered nonetheless. [72] He expounded his criticism and philosophy of music and art in lectures, convocation speeches, periodicals, and in radio and television documentaries for the CBC. [78], The issue of "authenticity" in relation to an approach like Gould's has been a topic of great debate, although diminished by the end of the 20th century. $6.93. The cover shows Gould in the corner of a bare dilapidated room – more like the snapshot of a vagrant than the portrait of a pianistic genius. The somewhat muffled sound of this 20th-century instrument is very different from modern recordings that are made using copies of old harpsichords. To commemorate what would have been Gould's 75th birthday, the Canadian Museum of Civilization held an exhibition titled Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius in 2007. "[64] In 1956, he was also taking Thorazine, an anti-psychotic medication, as well as reserpine, another anti-psychotic, but one that can also be used to lower blood pressure. 902, BWV 902a: Prelude in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude and Fughetta in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude in G Major to the Fughetta No. 1-15, BWV787-801. ", "Christopher Foss grew up with Glenn Gould, but never got to say goodbye", "Ottawa; An Exhibition of Glenn Gould Memorabilia Sheds A Little Light on A Musical Enigma", "Being Glenn Gould – The Adelaide Review", "Wildlife: On the trail of Count von Svoboda and Glenn Gould", "The Prospects of Recording – Resources – The Glenn Gould Archive", "The Variations of Glenn Gould: Legendary, Eccentric Pianist Launched His Career by Playing Bach", "Glenn Gould " The CBC Legacy " Timeline of a Musical Genius", "Glenn Gould's fascination with Petula Clark (excerpt)", Harper Government Celebrates Glenn Gould as National Historic Person Canadian cultural icon commemorated at plaque unveiling ceremony, "Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius » Credits", "Dr. José Antonio Abreu Awarded Coveted 2008 Glenn Gould Prize", "The Glenn Gould School " Key Facts and History", "Home " The Recording Academy " The GRAMMY Awards " GRAMMY Hall of Fame", "Late Toronto pianist Glenn Gould receives Grammy lifetime achievement award", "How Mozart Became a Bad Composer" by Glenn Gould, in, Podcast about Glenn Gould from Library and Archives Canada, "Glenn Gould collected news and commentary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glenn_Gould&oldid=996539818, Juno Award for Classical Album of the Year – Solo or Chamber Ensemble winners, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Persons of National Historic Significance (Canada), Burials at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:31. A doomsday scenario … Towards the end of his life, Gould began conducting. Similarly, Gould notes the "pathetic duplicity" in the reception of high-quality forgeries by Han van Meegeren of new paintings attributed to the Dutch master Johannes Vermeer, before and after the forgery was known.

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